英文每周一文，長話短說的評論，From the New York Times紐約時報的文章來觀摩一下
From the New York Times
Beijing’s Car Problem
Beijing has a new plan to tackle處理 its air pollution: require fewer conventional cars and more hybrid and electric vehicles. The effort is an admirable attempt 值得稱許的嘗試 a major problem in the Chinese capital, but it will not make a big difference without other, more significant interventions介入/干預.
The local government says it will reduce the number of license plates it issues over the next four years by 40 percent, to 150,000 a year by 2017. At the same time, it says it will slowly increase the share of plates that are reserved for electric cars and other hybrid vehicles to 40 percent of the total by the end of four years, according to Reuters路透社.
Beijing’s air has been bad for years. The city is surrounded by smoke-belching factories吐黑煙的工廠, its streets are choked by被嗆到 a growing number of cars and it sits on a plain that is surrounded by hills that trap pollution. Early this year, the United States Embassy reported that Beijing’s air had hit a record bad reading 空氣汙染程度已創下史上最糟記錄on an Air Quality Index空氣品質指數 developed by the
Chinese officials have used various tactics策略 to improve the air in Beijing. During the 2008 Olympics, they shut down factories around the city. In October, local authorities announced that they would ban阻止 half the city’s cars from the roads whenever they expected serious pollution.
Reducing the number of new cars on the roads and making sure more of them burn less or no fuel should help limit future pollution. It should also give the makers of hybrid油電車 and electric電動車 cars a boost幫助推動 by creating more demand創造更多需求 for their products. (China recently unveiled subsidies of as much as $10,000 to buy electric and hybrid cars.)
But to reduce the smog that blankets the city覆蓋整個城市的煙霧 now, China’s leaders will have to restrict emissions of nitrogen oxides限制氮氧化物排放, particulate matter and other airborne pollutants空中的污染物 from surrounding areas, which 對…負責much of the city’s foul air髒空氣. And it will have to cut down on outdoor fires used for cooking. Ultimately, China will have to rethink how it powers itself. After all, zero-emission vehicles 零排放電動車need electricity, and most of the country’s power is generated That, too, needs to change.